Τελικό κείμενο Κεφ. 6 (Αποστασία και νεομαρτύριο)Adobe PDF (1.34 MB)
Title Details:
Apostasy and neomartyrdom
Authors: Gkara, Eleni
Tzedopoulos, Giorgos
Reviewer: Stamatopoulos, Dimitrios
Subject: HUMANITIES AND ARTS > HISTORY > GENERAL HISTORY, THEORY > OTTOMAN HISTORY
HUMANITIES AND ARTS > HISTORY > SPECIALIZED HISTORIES
HUMANITIES AND ARTS > HISTORY > GENERAL HISTORY, THEORY > MODERN HISTORY
Keywords:
Christians
Muslims
Ottoman Empire
Church
Islamisation
Syncretism
Intercommunal Relations
Confessionalization
Conversion
Description:
Abstract:
The chapter concerns apostasy from Islam, the ways in which the authorities dealt with it and its ideological load for the strengthening of the Christian faith. While apostasy is the other side of conversion, the particular nature of apostasy from Islam necessitates its examination separately from Islamization. The fact that apostasy was punishable by death turned it into a key to religious and social antagonism at multiple levels. Heterodox Muslims were persecuted and “dangerous” –or simply prominent– Christians eliminated on charges of apostasy from Islam. But, in the same way, new martyrs were created, who became a model for the Christian subjects. Finally, in the late Ottoman period and in a new environment of institutionalized freedom of religion and ideological retreat of Islam, the claim of the right to apostasy on the part of Crypto-Christian groups created unprecedented challenges for the Ottoman government.
Table of Contents:
1. The challenge of apostasy
2. Christian and Muslim approaches to apostasy
2.1. Orthodox Christianity
2.2. Hanefi Islam
2.2.1. “Invitation to repentance”
2.2.2. “Heresy”, “disbelief” and insult of religion
3. Apostasy and “Ottoman confessionalization”
3.1. The challenge of heterodoxy
3.1.1. The Kızılbaş
3.1.2. “Heretics”
3.2. Contentious Islamization
3.2.1. Pronouncing the shahada
3.2.2. Attributes of Muslimness
3.2.3. False accusations
3.3. The importance of conjuncture
4. Apostasy in the “age of the Kadızadeli”
4.1. The risks of mixed company
4.2. Separation of the religious communities
5. Neomartyrs
5.1. The intentional pursuit of martyrdom by “negators of Christ”
5.1.1. The beginning: Markos Kyriakopoulos
5.1.2. Background
5.1.2. The maturation of a phenomenon: Nannos
5.2. The development of a theory of martyrdom
5.3. The attitude of the official Church
5.4. The new saints
5.5. Enlighteners and contra-Enlighteners
6. Apostasy after the Tanzimat
6.1. Limits of religious conversion
6.2. The issue of crypto-Christians
6.3. From religious to national identities
Linguistic Editors: Lampada, Despoina
Type: Chapter
Creation Date: 2015
Item Details:
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/gr
Spatial Coverage: Ottoman Empire
Temporal Coverage: 14th-20th cc.
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/11419/2887
Bibliographic Citation: Gkara, E., & Tzedopoulos, G. (2015). Apostasy and neomartyrdom [Chapter]. In Gkara, E., & Tzedopoulos, G. 2015. Χριστιανοί και μουσουλμάνοι στην οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία [Undergraduate textbook]. Kallipos, Open Academic Editions. chapter 5. http://hdl.handle.net/11419/2887
Language: Greek
Is Part of: Χριστιανοί και μουσουλμάνοι στην οθωμανική αυτοκρατορία
Publication Origin: Kallipos, Open Academic Editions