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Title Details:
Introduction to Optometry
Authors: Chandrinos, Aristeidis
Tzamouranis, Dorotheos - Dimitrios
Mouzaka, Aikaterini
Karetsos, George
Subject: MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > HEALTH SCIENCES > OPTOMETRY
MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > HEALTH SCIENCES > MEDICINE > SURGICAL SPECIALTIES > OPHTHALMOLOGY
MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > HEALTH SCIENCES > MEDICAL ILLUSTRATION
MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > HEALTH SCIENCES > MEDICINE > PUBLIC HEALTH
MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > HEALTH SCIENCES > ORTHOPTICS
MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > LIFE SCIENCES > PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY > HUMAN ANATOMY
MEDICINE AND HEALTH SCIENCES, LIFE SCIENCES, BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > HEALTH SCIENCES > MEDICINE > CLINICAL MEDICINE > DIAGNOSIS
Keywords:
Vision
Eye
Eye illustration
Clinical refraction
Optical coherence tomography
Slit lamp
Photoreceptors
Edema
Neovascularization
Psychophysiology of vision
Visual acuity
Contrast sensitivity
Threshold
Spatial summation
Visual oerception
Colored vision
Color deficiency
Alternating light bars
Ametropies
Adaptation
Aging and vision
Binocular vision
Cataract
Glaucoma
Gonioscopy
Pachymetry
Ophthalmic movements
Strabismus
Cover test
Objective refraction
Keratometry
Retinoscopy
Phoropter
Subjective refraction
Fogging method
Duochrome test
Description:
Abstract:
.Optometry is an autonomous profession in the field of health, which requires special training and is governed by specific rules. The science of Optometry includes a number of special techniques for diagnosing and investigating optometric problems. Visual acuity is the measurement of the ability to distinguish two stimuli, which are separated in space, in high contrast compared to the background. Visual acuity is a measure of a person's ability to analyze minimal details. The recording of visual acuity is used to evaluate the adequacy of corrective glasses but also as a general indicator of eye health and good vision function. Visual acuity is also used to assess whether or not a person is capable of driving a vehicle or hired for certain professions. Sensitivity of light contrast is a psychophysical examination of the quality of vision. It is based on the change of the spatial frequency of the fixed targets, either by the projection of stimuli of gradual damping of its intensity, or by the formation of a periodic increase and decrease of it (as in gratings), which usually differ only in spatial frequency. Emmetropia is the ideal refractive effect in which the distal point of clear vision is at infinity. When the distal point is not at the infinity, the effect is called ametropia, the eye is called ametropic leading to a blurred vision. Adaption is a change in the visual power of the eye in order to form a clear image at different distances. This is achieved by the "mechanism" of adjustment. As a normal part of the aging process, the lens becomes less elastic with age due to the hardening of the lens fibers and capsular changes. The provision of eye health services requires excellent record keeping and data collection. Comprehensive record keeping ensures the continuity of eye care, meets medical and legal requirements and highlights professionalism.
Linguistic Editors: Kaitsa, Elena-Natassa
Graphic Editors: Kaitsa, Elena-Natassa
Type: Undergraduate textbook
Creation Date: 2022
Item Details:
ISBN 978-618-5667-31-3
License: Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0)
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.57713/kallipos-37
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/11419/8414
Bibliographic Reference: Chandrinos, A., Tzamouranis, D., Mouzaka, A., & Karetsos, G. (2022). Introduction to Optometry [Undergraduate textbook]. Kallipos, Open Academic Editions. http://dx.doi.org/10.57713/kallipos-37
Language: Greek
Publication Origin: Kallipos, Open Academic Editions