Neuropsychological and behavioral profile of children with Down syndrome
The sixth chapter describes the neuropsychological and behavioral pattern of people with Down syndrome (Down, 1866), as it is the most common form of intellectual disability. The cognitive difficulties that these individuals show, present a special pattern of cognitive and linguistic abilities and weaknesses, as well as fewer problems of adaptation and psychopathology (Alevriadou, & Giaouri, 2009. Alevriadou & Giaouri, 2011. Chapman & Hesketh, 2000. Dykens et al ., 2000. Dykens & Kasari, 1997. Nichols et al., 2004). According to their cognitive model, children with Down syndrome show potentials in terms of their visual-perceptual ability and visual memory, as opposed to auditory processing and verbal short-term memory (Fisher, 2001. Frenkel & Bourdin, 2009. Lafranchi et al., 2004. Purser & Jarrold, 2005). At the same time, children with Down syndrome do not seem to have serious language comprehension problems, but their difficulties are mainly related to speech production (Ypsilanti, Grouios, Alevriadou, & Tsapkini, 2005). In terms of their emotional development, they appear more immature than their typically developing peers, use fewer and shorter emotional expressions, and show less verbal response (Abbeduto et al., 2006. Hazlett, Hammer, Hooper, & Kamphaus, 2010. Rondal et al., 2004). This results in limited interaction with their peers and social isolation in the school context (Guralnick, 1995). This highlights the need to design and implement intervention programs aimed at their social development (Guralnick, Connor, & Johnson, 2011. Hodapp & Fidler, 2016).
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|Bibliographic Citation:||Giaouri, S., Alevriadou, A., & Rachanioti, E. (2022). Neuropsychological and behavioral profile of children with Down syndrome [Chapter]. In Giaouri, S., Alevriadou, A., & Rachanioti, E. 2021. Social Development of Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Down Syndrome in General and Inclusive Education [Undergraduate textbook]. Kallipos, Open Academic Editions. chapter 6. http://hdl.handle.net/11419/8039|
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Social Development of Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Down Syndrome in General and Inclusive Education
Kallipos, Open Academic Editions
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